Posts Tagged ‘Photos’

Broadmoor: ‘Fantastic’ views but would people pay to visit?

April 9th, 2012

Broadmoor Hospital

In Oxford you can spend the night in a hotel that was a former prison, featuring high barred windows, converted cell rooms and prison walkways.

In Karosta Prison Hotel in Latvia, the former KGB jail advertises itself as “unfriendly, unheated, uncomfortable and open all year round”.

Now, West London Mental Health NHS Trust hopes to interest a developer in taking on its old Victorian buildings at Broadmoor high-security psychiatric hospital, to create a hotel and housing.

The buildings at Crowthorne in Berkshire were declared “unfit for purpose” by the Commission For Healthcare Improvement in 2003.

The trust hopes the development of the buildings will fund a £250m redevelopment of the remaining facilities at the hospital.

The homes and hotel rooms would be just a few hundred metres away from the new psychiatric unit, but will be screened by trees and outside the high security perimeter.

Fresh air

The trust said it was “confident” a buyer could be found.

The Victorian Society, which originally had qualms about the plans, now supports the trust’s decision after visiting the site in January.

Ian Dungavell, director of the society, said he was keen to protect the hospital’s Grade II Victorian buildings, designed by prison architect Joshua Jebb.

“Over the years, the government has sold off a lot of old army bases and hospitals which just fell to pieces,” he said.

“We don’t want that to happen to Broadmoor. It has a lot of potential to be used for a hotel and housing”.

One reason Broadmoor Hospital may be more suited to be converted to a hotel lies in the attitudes to mental illness when it was built.

When it opened in 1863 there were none of the drug treatments we are familiar with today.

Victorian patients enjoyed a regime of rest and occupational therapy, and were expected to benefit from fresh air, sunshine and spending time outdoors.

In the early years of Broadmoor, inmates formed a self-sufficient community with a farm, kitchen garden and sports fields.

“The views from Broadmoor are fantastic, across very nice landscape,” said Dr Dungavell.

Broadmoor was built in landscaped grounds in Crowthorne

‘Good location’

“The windows in the former Oxford prison are quite small, but those at Broadmoor seem to be bigger.

“It could be converted relatively easily.

“It’s a good solid building, which has been well-maintained and is well-lit and well-ventilated.”

Dr Dungavell said large buildings such as prisons and hospitals naturally lent themselves to use as hotels with some modifications.

Each hotel room in the A-wing of the Malmaison Hotel in Oxford has been converted from three adjoining prison cells, and features original iron cell doors and barred windows.

“Broadmoor has got a good location, not far from Heathrow, near to a golf course,” added Dr Dungavell.

“Looking around I thought Broadmoor was much less noisy than your standard prison, so even though the hotel would be near the hospital, people wouldn’t be affected by noise.”

However, some may associate the name Broadmoor with some of the hospital’s more infamous patients, including the “Yorkshire Ripper” Peter Sutcliffe.

Dr Dungavell admitted this aspect might make some hotel guests nervous.

“It has more potential for a hotel than we thought, but if you were strolling in the grounds on a light summer evening and you heard some sort of noise in the grounds, you might be scared,” he said.

Post from the BBC news website –

Victorian Broadmoor revealed in free online book, well worth a read –

Another Student visit

March 29th, 2012

Yesterday morning we had another group visit by Dr Tracey Loughran, lecturer in History at Cardiff University, this time with some second year History students.

We made a start with Tim’s talk on the history of Whitchurch with Dr Ian Beech also sharing his knowlege with the group.

Tim's presentation

Ian telling us about the Dr Goodall years

I then gave a presentation on the history of drug treatments in psychiatry.

The group


Ian in full flow

We then moved from the old West ward to the main hall where we heard about the concerts that used to take place and saw the future plans for accommodation.

The weather was fantastic so we finished off the morning with a tour around the outside of the hospital

Thank you to all who came along and those who helped make it another great visit.




Dangers facing Disused Asylums

March 22nd, 2012

Part 1: Trespass and Neglect

One of the things that spurred on my research into Whitchurch ahead of its closure is the fate of the many listed asylums in the UK that have been horribly neglected. It’s a real shame to see these buildings come to harm, but no group of listed buildings has been so poorly treated as historic mental hospitals.

Cane Hill

Arson can be a huge problem, as it has been here at Cane Hill, Croydon, as is vandalism. Large sites spread over many acres are easy targets for thieves and vandals. The spike in prices of scrap metal have seen all kinds of buildings and structures pillaged for lead roofing, pipework and even memorial plaques. Large sites are often left with only one security guard to protect them, which simply isn’t enough to guarantee the safety of the building and its contents.  In addition to these issues, the simple fact of leaving a Victorian or Edwardian building empty without regular maintenance can be the death knell for these structures; it is much easier to argue the case for demolition if a building is deemed unsafe, even though that may be through owner neglect.
Trespassing, however, cannot be condemned entirely. There is very little opportunity for the public to engage with the history of residential mental healthcare, and very often, people are drawn to abandoned asylums for this reason. These people are called ‘urban explorers’, and I spoke to them through internet forums for my research. They had very interesting perspectives on the history of these buildings, and how access to them is very important. Some argued that a museum in an asylum would discourage them from visiting, but most agreed that the reason that abandoned hospitals feature so prominently in urban exploration communities (every website I looked at had a whole section devoted to asylums) is that there is simply no other way to engage with them.

One of the most impressive by-products of urban exploration is the photography of explorers. They take some fantastic photographs of these buildings, and in many cases have provided the best record of demolished, vandalised, and fire-damaged asylums you can find.

West Park

West Park

To see some more great examples of this work, visit:

Hopefully, Whitchurch will never have to worry about the issues of neglect or trespass, as the examples above have done. What it may need to be very concerned about, however, is the threat of unsympathetic development, which I will explain in Dangers facing Disused Asylums, Part 2.


Thank you to Laura for this post

University of Glamorgan History Students visit Whitchurch

February 4th, 2012

Yesterday morning (3rd of February) we had a group visit from Dr Fiona Reid, Deputy Head of Humanities at Glamorgan University and 3rd year BA History students organised by Dr Ian Beech, Tim Goosey and Gwawr Faulconbridge.
The weather was fantastic so Ian shared much of the information in the fresh open air. We had a look at one of the rooms that used to be used for visitors and sat in the Boardroom and heard about the meetings the visiting committee held there.

We then saw a very interesting old contraption, thanks to Bob Bosley,  please see photo and leave a comment if you know what it was used for.
We then visited the main hall where many shows used to be  organised for staff and patients. Tim explained the room mock ups in the hall  and reflected on how things have changed over the years.

Students listen to Ian

Outside the main entrance of Whitchurch

What is this?


Signing our Visitors Book

We then went up to W1A to finish off the morning with a presentation from  Tim looking at an overview of the last 100 years and the history of drug treatments from Gwawr. Memories of Whitchurch were shared by Greg and Lynne from the  Historical Society.
It was a great morning and such a pleasure to welcome the group to Whitchurch Hospital Thanks to all who came along and to everyone that helped

Highs and lows at Ely Hospital

February 4th, 2012


Cian O'Donoghue, training coordinator for Cardiff People First

In the final installment of our Ely Hospital series, CLARE HUTCHINSON looks at the remarkable story of how former patients came together to share their experiences of the institution with the outside world.

WHEN Ely Hospital finally closed its doors in 1997, it heralded a new era for people with learning disabilities in Cardiff.

Instead of living in a hospital, 30 to a ward, the institution’s former patients were out in the community, living in their own supported accommodation – some in small groups, others on their own.

“Many of the people who lived at Ely Hospital never had the chance to do many things on their own and that’s what made resettlement so difficult,” said Karen Jeffreys, who helped facilitate the Ely Hospital project.

“Even now, many people who were at the hospital find it difficult to make choices and still have a healthy respect for support workers.”

The group Karen works for, Cardiff People First, started as an advocacy group set up by residents living in Ely Hospital. Many of those former residents still work with the group and it was their idea to come forward and tell the wider public about their time at the institution.

“The idea came out of a meeting with members of Cardiff People First and our young people’s group, Cardiff Young People First,” said Karen.

“The older people brought along a video called Ely Voices, which they had done when the hospital was being closed, and it quickly became clear that the young people had no idea what Ely Hospital was.

“They were asking ‘why were you living in a hospital?’ and ‘were you allowed out?’

“You could see that they really didn’t know about what used to happen to some people with a learning difficulty.”

After pitching their idea to the Heritage Lottery Fund, the group was given £25,000 from the organisation to make it a reality.

“After setting up a steering group made up of members from Cardiff and Newport People First, we sent out a letter via the social work team, who talked to former residents about telling their story,” said Karen.

“Lots of people contacted us wanting to get involved – staff as well as former patients.

“Meanwhile, members of Young People First received training in camera and interviewing skills so they could interview former workers and the women’s group went out to Glamorgan Archives to research the hospital’s history.”

The exhibition itself includes a replica of the dayroom at Ely Hospital – complete with board games and Christmas decorations – as well as a bed like those on the wards, a shadow puppet theatre created by the young people’s group and a snakes and ladders game which shows the highs and lows of life at Ely Hospital.

As well as the exhibits, the exhibition includes video interviews with former patients and staff and written stories about life at the hospital.

Karen added: “People do have good memories – because you can’t live your life somewhere without having good memories – but there were also many sad and, at times, shocking stories that came out.

“The members of Cardiff People First who lived in Ely Hospital have always talked about what it was like, but this is the first time they have been heard.

“Since the exhibition opened last week, scores of people have come in or been in touch to tell us about their own experiences.

“Getting people to share their own stories was one of our main aims. No matter whether the story is good or bad – we want everybody with a memory of Ely Hospital to come forward.”


Looking back at Ely Hospital: 100 years behind those walls

February 2nd, 2012

Officials inspect a men's ward at Ely Hospital


In the fifth instalment of our Ely Hospital series, Clare Hutchinson looks at some of the shocking stories of abuse against patients – and hears from former staff members about their experiences at the institution for people with learning disabilities.

Its imposing walls stood for more than 100 years.

Yet few knew what was happening behind those walls which enclosed Ely Hospital. The hospital, off what is now Cowbridge Road West, was a familiar sight.

But in 1967 that all changed when a national newspaper printed allegations, made by a whistleblower, of endemic maltreatment of patients – including cruelty, verbal abuse, beatings, stealing of food, clothes and other items, indifference to complaints, lack of medical care and medication used to sedate patients.

“We must never forget,” said one former resident who lived in the hospital for most of her life.

“It was a terrible place.”

Labour AM for Cardiff West and Cardiff University professor Mark Drakeford, an expert on the Ely Inquiry, said the allegations only centred on a small minority of staff.

He said: “The staff at Ely were not bad people, but somewhere along the way they became part of a system that was.

“After the report, there was a lot of local hostility to the staff at the hospital and many of the staff themselves rejected what the report said, arguing that it had misconstrued what was happening.”

In a video interview recorded for the Ely Hospital project, one former patient – known only as John – recalled his own experience of abuse at the hands of a male staff member.

“My mam came to visit me at the ward and there was a nasty fella in there,” he said.

“He said to me, ‘You’re not to go home.’ I asked why and he wouldn’t tell me. He had me on the floor, beating me up and was kicking me about like a football.

“[The doctor] said, ‘I want you to stop kicking patients about,’ and he said, ‘I haven’t touched them.’

“I said, ‘Yes you did, you hit me.’ Then the doctor said to the man, ‘You’ve got the sack, go and get your week’s money and leave’ – and so he left. The way that man spoke to my dad and mam was terrible.”

Doreen Jones, a former cleaner at the hospital who contributed to the Ely Hospital project at the Cardiff Story Museum, started there shortly after the 1969 Ely Inquiry.

“What sticks in my memory are the padded cells and the Victorian feel to the hospital,” she said.

“So many things seemed to belong to the past – even the way the children were dressed, especially the boots they wore.

“The hospital is gone now and children from those backgrounds are much better off today. They are dressed like other kids and go on holidays and things, which is great.

“I felt that the hospital worked well when there were matrons there – they looked after us and I enjoyed the feeling of being part of a big family. When I left I was sad to go.

“There were some caring people working there and the children were great characters.”

One staff member, who wished to remain anonymous, said the hospital was a “community within a community”.

“The majority of staff were good – there are bad staff and good staff. There were also good times and bad times. You must understand there were up to 42 people on a ward – that’s a lot of people.”

Martin James, who worked for the Welsh Office and helped close Ely Hospital in 1997, said: “Surprisingly, a lot of parents at the time didn’t like what they saw as a move away from the ‘safety’ of the hospitals, and they resisted the idea.

“We were determined that none of the hospitals would be left standing so there was never the temptation to use them again.”

Ely Hospital remembered: Strained relationships

February 1st, 2012

Ely Hospital remembered

In the fourth instalment of our Ely Hospital series, Clare Hutchinson finds out about the often-strained relationships between the hospital’s institutionalised patients and their families back home

From the time it opened as a Poor Law institution for orphaned children in 1862, Ely Hospital was a destination for people who had no families to care for them.

In some cases, this was because members of their close family had died – but in others the reason was altogether darker.

In the late 1940s a 15-year-old girl was admitted to the hospital because she was pregnant and unmarried. After having her baby there, which went on to be adopted, the girl stayed on.

When the hospital closed more than half a century later in 1997, the girl – now a pensioner – was one of the first patients to be resettled in the surrounding community.

One former staff member who remembered the woman, who has not been named in order to protect her identity, said: “She didn’t have a learning disability when she went in, but she left the hospital diagnosed with having one.”

In some cases patients were sent to the institution, which became a long-stay NHS hospital in 1948, because their parents simply could not cope.

For some, this was due to the financial strain of having another child, while for others it was because they were suffering from their own mental health issues, such as depression.

One former resident, interviewed for the Ely Hospital project, said: “My mother put me there, but she’s dead. She was depressed and she took her life, so she didn’t come to see me. Nor my dad. I’ve just got a sister.”

A nurse who worked at the hospital’s children’s ward said many of the residents did not have families.

“There was one particular one, he was the son of the local baker,” she said.

“The baker had died and the mother couldn’t really cope and so he was in the home.

“I wrote to his mother when he died and I had this lovely letter back. She said what a happy life he’d had in the hospital and how kind particular staff had been to him.”

A former therapist who was recruited to the hospital as part of changes that came about as a result of the 1969 Ely Inquiry said many families effectively turned their backs on patients who had been admitted to the hospital.

Others, he said, visited regularly and got involved in activities on the wards.

He said: “Probably families needed support and help to make better relationships with their sons and their daughters.

“That’s something [at Ely] that wasn’t really looked at and which I think needed looking at.”

When families did visit, they were confronted with some shocking sights.

Labour AM for Cardiff West and Cardiff University professor Mark Drakeford is an expert on the Ely Inquiry.

“One of the most striking stories in the report was that of a mother who used to visit her son regularly and always took him a pear,” he said.

“She tells the inquiry about a time she turned up to see him to find all of his teeth had been removed, which was not an unusual thing at the time, so she had this pear and her son had no teeth to eat it with.

“She called the nurse over, who went into a room, came back with a bowl full of dentures and proceeded to try them out one by one – all the time with the mother getting more and more upset.

“When she got through the bowl and none of them had fit, she took the bowl away and as she walked past one of the patients, who was sleeping, she – in full view – whipped the teeth out of his mouth and came back with them.

“When the patient’s mother got upset she was reassured by the nurse, who said, ‘There’s no need to get upset – most of these teeth belonged to patients who are dead anyway.’”

Tomorrow: We look at some of the shocking stories of staff abuse – and talk to former workers about their experiences at the hospital.

Looking back at Ely Hospital: Activities and holidays

January 28th, 2012

Ely Hospital remembered in our series

In the third installment of our Ely Hospital series, Clare Hutchinson takes a look at activities and holidays at the institution, as told by those who were there

Activities formed a central part of daily life for patients with learning disabilities at Ely Hospital.

After the damning 1969 Ely Inquiry, in which the hospital was condemned for – among other things – not giving patients enough stimulation, more emphasis was put on activities like art, crafts, music and flower arranging.

But perhaps one of the more unusual activities was what was known as industrial therapy.

A therapist who worked at the hospital for 33 years shared his memories of his time there with Cardiff People First’s Ely Hospital project.

“Industrial therapy was awful,” he said.

“I think it came from the history of learning disabilities and workhouses as a way to try and give people proper jobs and get them out into the community.

“But that’s not what happened. It was actually just occupying people.

“You would get those little packs of screws and washers and things like that. They would fill those up, put 20 of them in a pack and seal them up and earn money from it.”

At other times, groups of up to 40 patients at a time would tie and re-tie ribbons, or even stamp prescriptions for the health authority.

The therapist added: “All day long you could hear it. When you’ve got 30 to 40 people doing that at a time its quite a loud sound in this big place.”

In the 1990s, before the hospital closed in 1997, patients could get paid up to £7 a day for their work.

One former nurse, who also contributed to the Ely Hospital project at the Cardiff Story museum, said patients could not earn more because it would affect their benefits.

“What we were trying to do was to make lots of different activities and put some routine into the residents’ lives there,” she said.

“First thing in the morning I would go into the wards and I would help people to dress or to feed themselves, and then across on the main department we would have all sorts of different activities going on for different groups that came over.

“We had some industrial therapy there and others would take part in drama, music and craft activities, cookery and then some days we would go out for trips.

“The ones that were more able had little jobs on the ward that they would get paid for, like tidying up or helping to look after somebody else, helping with mealtimes. But in our department we also had what was called an industrial therapy unit – packing screws and hooks and things.”

Looking back at Ely Hospital: How inquiry rocked the nation

January 25th, 2012

Officials inspect a men's ward at Ely Hospital

Former patients and staff have come together to tell the inside story of Ely Hospital for a new exhibition at the Cardiff Story museum. All this week, CLARE HUTCHINSON looks at the forgotten history and fascinating stories uncovered by learning disability group Cardiff People First, starting with a history of the institution

IN 1967, a long-stay hospital for people with learning disabilities hit the headlines in a way which had rarely happened before.

Ely Hospital, built in 1862 as a Poor Law institution and converted to a long-stay NHS hospital in 1948, was hit with allegations of endemic maltreatment of its patients, including cruelty, verbal abuse, beatings, stealing of food, clothes and other items, indifference to complaints, lack of medical care and medication used to sedate patients.

“We must never forget,” said one former resident who lived in the hospital for most of her life. “It was a terrible place”.

The subsequent Ely Inquiry in 1969 exposed a hospital cut off from the mainstream, with little or no staff training and overcrowded wards. A White Paper followed in 1971, which eventually led to a total transformation in the way people with learning disabilities are cared for.

Labour AM for Cardiff West and Cardiff University professor Mark Drakeford is an expert on the Ely Inquiry. “It was very shocking at the time,” he said.

“It was the first major hospital scandal of the post-war period and it really hit the headlines, both locally and nationally. Part of the scandal was that these were bad things going on in a hospital, which was supposed to be a place where people were cared for.”

It would be almost another three decades until Ely Hospital finally shut its doors and its patients were resettled in the surrounding community.

In total there were 18 reports between 1968 and 1980 in which allegations of maltreatment of patients were investigated in what were then known as ‘mental illness’ and ‘mental handicap’ hospitals.

Prof Drakeford said: “Politically, the biggest impact it had was that an advisory review was set up as a result of the report, which could go in and look at the quality of medical care that was being offered in long-stay hospitals.

“There is always a need for vigilance where institutions are concerned because they can become isolated.

“In any institution there is a tendency for it to become a bit inward looking and cut off from the standards that are expected elsewhere, which is why regular inspection and visits are so crucial. The big thing that it did was it started the movement for closure on a path that means that today there are almost no institutions like this anywhere in the UK.”

Tomorrow: What day-to-day life at Ely Hospital was like, as told by those who were there.

Apologies that the Ely articles do not appear in the same order as they were on Wales on line webiste

Introducing Laura

November 28th, 2011


I have just finished my MA in Heritage Management at the Ironbridge Institute, a part of the University of Birmingham dedicated to museum and heritage studies, and it was during this course that I developed an interest in the history of mental health and illness, especially institutional care. Originally I wanted to look at how museums interpret former asylums for a short research project, but some cursory research revealed that they are criminally under-represented in museums, as is the history of mental health in general. I decided to save this subject and make it my thesis.

I wanted my thesis to be useful, and to make something of a difference if possible. I did a lot of research into the current landscape of psychiatric buildings in the UK, and found them to be ill-protected, and treated in a manner that would never be tolerated for an historic house or other building. This is what lead me to Whitchurch – I wanted to see if the twin problems of a lack of museum provision and a lack of protection for a magnificent buildings could be planned for ahead of a building’s closure. I’m Cardiff born and bred, so it was not long before I thought of Whitchurch hospital – not only a magnificent building (exemplary in Wales and in a wider national context) but also home to a very forward-thinking approach to mental healthcare at the turn of the twentieth century. My thesis, “A Market for Madness?” primarily looked at the potential for Whitchurch to be preserved as a heritage site and the market potential of such a museum – I conducted several blind surveys online, and the results were incredibly interesting. My thesis would not have been possible without much help from Gwawr, for which I am very grateful.  I’m really encouraged by the attitude of the Whitchurch Historical Society – enthusiasm for the history of a place is often the hardest thing to come by, and it is the only way psychiatric institutions are being preserved currently. I hope to do some more work with the WHHS, and I hope I can help in some small way.

I am hoping to look more at Whitchurch in the near future – starting with a few more pieces for this blog on my research so far. Also, I’m currently working at the Science Museum in London, primarily with the psychological collections (which include a rulebook from Whitchurch’s early days) and I’m applying to Ironbridge for funding for a PhD starting in 2012, looking in much greater depth at what Museums need to do to bring their interpretation of mental health and illness up to speed, because nowhere near enough is being done yet.

Thanks to Laura for this first installment